Marie Skłodowska-Curie

7th of November was the birthday of Marie Skłodowska Curie.

Born in Warsaw, in what was then the Kingdom of Poland, and lived there until the age of 24. In 1891, she followed her older sister Bronisława to study in Paris, where she earned her higher degrees and conducted her subsequent scientific work.

She was the sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the only woman to date to win in two fields, and the only person to win in multiple sciences. Her achievements include a theory of radioactivity (a term that she coined), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium.

Under her direction, the world's first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms, using radioactive isotopes. She founded the Curie Institutes in Paris and Warsaw, which remain major centres of medical research today. She named the first chemical element that she discovered "polonium" (1898) for her native country.

Curie died in 1934 of aplastic anemia brought on by her years of exposure to radiation.

We would like to commemorate this day here at Radioactive@home.